I HEAR THERE’S A PARTY IN HELL.
Orpheus and Eurydice are unhappily married, so she is delighted to die and go to
the Underworld with Pluto. When Public Opinion demands that Orpheus rescue her, he seeks the assistance of Jupiter, who is having his own trouble with rebellious gods who are bored of Mt. Olympus. Everyone soon decides to go down to Hades to have fun.
Spoofing both mythology and humanity, Offenbach’s smash-hit operetta contains mortals in love, gods in disguise, lively tunes, and a very famous can-can. Welcome spring with this joyful comedy!
Orpheus in the Underworld
Music by Jacques Offenbach
Libretto by Ludovic Halévy and Hector Crémieux
English translation by Jeremy Sams
Premiered 21 October 1858
Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens, Paris, France
Madison Opera premiere
First Tableau: On Earth
Public Opinion explains her role: she is the guardian of good behavior. She has plenty on her plate, because Eurydice cannot stand her husband, Orpheus, much less his music. Each quarrel ends in Orpheus demonstrating his violin virtuosity, and Eurydice would rather die than stay with such a boring man. Her wish comes true when she meets her beloved Aristaeus, a shepherd who is in fact Pluto, Lord of the Underworld. With the unwitting help of Orpheus, he has arranged Eurydice’s death. As she dies, she writes a quick farewell note to her husband before being whisked off to Hades. Orpheus comes home to find Eurydice gone and rejoices in his good fortune. Public Opinion intervenes: If he does not plead with Jupiter to give him back his kidnapped wife, she will see that he is discredited with all his students. Orpheus grudgingly gives in and sets off for Mt. Olympus.
Second Tableau: On Mt. Olympus
The gods are sleeping. Diana arrives and tells of the tragic loss of her beloved Acteon, and Jupiter reveals that he transformed the young man into a stag. Outraged at his interference, she and the other gods declare their boredom with life on Olympus. Mercury arrives to announce the kidnapping of Eurydice and the arrival on Olympus of Pluto. Happy to divert attention to someone else, Jupiter welcomes the Lord of the Underworld and questions him about Eurydice, whom Pluto denies abducting. Their quarrel is interrupted by a rebellion of the gods, who angrily remind Jupiter of all of his escapades on earth. When Mercury announces that a mortal is seeking an audience, Jupiter restores calm among the gods. Orpheus enters with Public Opinion and half-heartedly sues for the return of Eurydice. Jupiter decides to accompany Pluto down to Hades to investigate. The gods plead with Jupiter to allow them to go with him, and everyone sets off for hell.
~ intermission ~
Third Tableau: In Pluto’s Boudoir
Eurydice is disappointed. She had imagined a life of constant orgies in Hades, and instead finds herself under house arrest, guarded by John Styx, who claims to have been the King of Beotia. A noise leads Styx to lock Eurydice in an adjoining room. When Jupiter and Pluto appear, everything seems to be in good order, but the eagle-eyed Jupiter spots where Eurydice is imprisoned. After Pluto leaves, Cupid appears and transforms Jupiter into a fly, so he can get into Eurydice’s room. The disguised Jupiter successfully entices Eurydice. When he reveals his true identity, she is quite ready to follow him to the ends of the world, and they make plans to escape during Pluto’s party for the gods.
Fourth Tableau: A Hall in the Underworld
Pluto’s party is at its height. Eurydice, disguised as a bacchante, is enjoying herself even more than the rest. But her plans with Jupiter are slow to materialize, as Pluto stops them from leaving and reminds Jupiter of his promise to give Eurydice back to Orpheus. Fearing the wrath of Public Opinion, Jupiter restores an unwilling Eurydice to a no-less-miffed Orpheus, but adds a condition: Orpheus must not look at Eurydice while they are making their way out of Hades. The unhappy mortal couple leave the party. Jupiter sends a clap of thunder, which frightens Orpheus and makes him turn around. Eurydice and Orpheus are happily free of each other, and Public Opinion admits defeat. To avoid further disputes with Pluto, Jupiter makes Eurydice into a bacchante, as the party carries on, even merrier than before.
Madison Opera Stage Debut
Recently with MO: Digital Opera in the Park 2020; Digital 20/21 Season
Recently: Zerlina, Don Giovanni (Seattle Opera); Micaela, Carmen; Girl, Der Kaiser von Atlantis; Calaveras 2, Frida (Atlanta Opera); Adina, L’Elisir d’Amore (Phoenicia International Festival of Voice); Katie Jackson, The Fix (Minnesota Opera); Pip, Moby Dick (Opera San Jose, Utah Opera)
Madison Opera Debut
Recently: Bégearss, The Ghosts of Versailles (Château de Versailles Spectacles, Glimmerglass Festival); Bill, Flight; Gaston, La Traviata; Prunier, La Rondine; Charles Swede Risberg, The Fix (Minnesota Opera); Tony, West Side Story (Glimmerglass Festival); Jonathan Dale, Silent Night (Minnesota Opera, Glimmerglass Festival)
Madison Opera Debut
Recently: Soldier, Der Kaiser von Atlantis (Atlanta Opera); Count Almaviva, The Marriage of Figaro (Kentucky Opera); Riff, West Side Story (Houston Grand Opera, Glimmerglass Festival); Schaunard, La Bohème, 2nd Apprentice, Wozzeck (Des Moines Metro Opera); Alcée, Sapho (Washington Concert Opera)
Upcoming: Manrico, Il Trovatore (Opera in the Heights); Timothy Laughlin, Fellow Travelers (Opera Columbus)
Madison Opera Debut: Friedrich Bhaer, Little Women (2016)
Recently: Doug Hanson, Everest; Lt. Gordon, Silent Night (Austin Opera); Riolobo, Florencia en el Amazonas; Marcello, La Bohème; Father, Hansel and Gretel (Pittsburgh Opera); Don Giovanni, Don Giovanni (Dallas Opera, Pittsburgh Opera); Haly, The Italian Girl in Algiers (Santa Fe Opera); Claudio, Beatrice and Benedict; Guglielmo, Così fan tutte (Seattle Opera); Billy Budd, Billy Budd (Des Moines Metro Opera)
Madison Opera Debut: Sister Lillianne, Dead Man Walking (2014)
Recently: Mabel, The Pirates of Penzance (Opera North); Flexibella, Super Storm! (Opera for the Young); The Queen of the Night, The Magic Flute; Madeline /Isabel, The Face on the Barroom Floor (Central City Opera); Berta, The Barber of Seville; Barbarina, The Marriage of Figaro (Cleveland Opera Theater); Zémire, Zémire et Azor (Skylight Music Theater)
Madison Opera Debut: Mrs. Nordstrom, A Little Night Music (2019)
Recently at MO: Digital 20/21 Season; Annina, La Traviata; 1st Wood Sprite, Rusalka
Recently: Soloist, A Madison Symphony Christmas; Gretel, Hansel and Gretel; Nightingale / Country Lass, The Enchanted Child (University of Northern Iowa)
Robert A. Goderich
Madison Opera Debut: Amelia’s Servant, A Masked Ball (2012)
Recently with MO: Digital 20/21 Season; Beppe, Pagliacci; 1st Priest / Armored Man, The Magic Flute; Spalanzani, The Tales of Hoffmann; Pirelli, Sweeney Todd
Recently: Beadle Bamford, Sweeney Todd (Middleton Players Theater); Pirelli, Sweeney Todd (Skylight Music Theater); Albin, La Cage aux Folles (Music Theater of Madison)
Madison Opera Studio Artist
Madison Opera Debut: Lola, Cavalleria Rusticana (2018)
Recently at MO: Digital 20/21 Season; Flora Bervoix, La Traviata; Mrs. Segstrom, A Little Night Music; 3rd Wood Sprite, Rusalka
Recently: Babette, Beauty and the Beast; Johanna, Sweeney Todd (Middleton Players Theatre); Prince Orlofsky, Die Fledermaus (Madison Savoyards)
Madison Opera Studio Artist
Madison Opera Debut
Recently: Despina, Così fan tutte; Poppea, L’incoronazione di Poppea (UW Madison Opera); Mrs. Hayes, Susannah (Janiec Opera Company); Amy March, Little Women (Harrower Summer Opera
Madison Opera Debut: Petra, A Little Night Music (2019)
Recently at MO: Digital 20/21 Season
Recently: Rona, The Amateurs (Forward Theatre Company); Demeter, Hephaestus (Music Theatre of Madison); Mrs. Bucket, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (Children’s Theatre of Madison); Rose, A Shayna Maidel; Mary Boyle, Juno (TimeLine Theatre Company); Quintet, Sweeney Todd (Paramount Theatre); Colette, La Cage aux Folles; Marie, The Nutcracker (Marriott Theatre); Clara, The Yiddisher Teddy Bears (The Public Theatre)
Madison Opera Debut: The Magic Flute (1995)
Recently at MO: Digital Opera in the Park 2020, Fellow Travelers, La Traviata, Rusalka
Recently: Blue (Glimmerglass Festival); Candide (Gran Teatre de Liceu); Porgy and Bess (Seattle Opera); Lost in the Stars (Washington National Opera)
Madison Opera Debut
Recently: La Traviata (Arizona Opera, Hawaii Opera Theatre); L’Enfant et les Sortilègés (Philadelphia Orchestra); Norma (Boston Lyric Opera); La Bohème, Florencia en el Amazonas (Pittsburgh Opera); The Crucible (Opera Santa Barbara); Tosca (Festival de Belle-Île)